Human Medicines and Our Pets

Human Medicines and Our Pets

The other day, a client brought in an old dog that was lethargic, not eating, and had diarrhea. The the client told our doctors that she thought her dog was in pain from arthritis and the day before gave her 50 lb dog one Tylenol- Extra Strength (500mg) tablet.

Tylenol can be a great pain reliever in humans but in dogs and cats, even a small dose can be toxic or deadly to any animal. In dogs, Tylenol destroys liver cells, and damages the kidneys. So we aggressively treated the dog for Tylenol toxicity and after a few weeks the dogs kidney levels returned to normal.

Dogs and humans have many similarities in the organ systems, but the organs process certain drugs and medications differently. Some everyday drugs that we do not think twice about taking, can be very deadly to our pets, even in a small dose.

Most medications that veterinarians use are dosed based on the patient’s weight. We must be very cautious with certain drugs, because some human medicines our pet’s bodies cannot process and can be lethal.

You should always consult with our doctors before giving your pet human medications. If you find your pet sick after hours, we are a 24 hour emergency hospital, so give us a call at 505-869-2627. Do not take it upon yourself to give your pet your medications because it can cause more harm than good.

 

Drug Uses/Indications Dog dosage Cat dosage
Antacids (Pepcid, Zantac) Upset stomach Consult with
one of our doctors
Consult with
one of our doctors
Aspirin Short term pain,
inflammation relief
Sometimes cause bleeding tendency Never
Benadryl Variety of allergic
reaction
1 mg per
pound every 8 hours
1 mg per
pound every 8 hours
Dramamine Reduces motion
sickness given 1/2 hour prior to travel
12.5 mg every
8 hours
12.5 mg every
8 hours
Hydrogen Peroxide 3% Induce vomiting
after accidental poison ingestion
10 ml by mouth every 15 minutes or until vomiting occurs (up to 3 doses) Consult with
one of our doctors
Ibuprofen, Tylenol Anti-inflammatory Never Never
Imodium Diarrhea 1 mg per pound every  8 hours Not recommended
Mineral Oil Relieve
Constipation
Consult with
one of our doctors
Consult with
one of our doctors
Pepto Bismol Vomiting,
diarrhea, gas
1 tsp per 5 pounds every 6 hours Never
Robitussin DM Coughing in dogs 1 tsp per 20 pounds every 8-12 hours Not recommended